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obesity are more likely to have certain health
problems than adults who are not obese. These problems include the
People who are obese have an increased risk of:
People who are obese are more likely to develop
insulin resistance, which can lead to
type 2 diabetes.
The risk of type 2 diabetes increases as BMI increases. People
who have a large percentage of body fat in the abdominal area—a waist measurement greater than
40 in. (102 cm) in men and
greater than 35 in. (89 cm) in
women—are at increased risk for type 2 diabetes, even if their BMIs are within
the normal range.
People who are obese are at greater risk for different types
of cancer, including:1
People who are obese may have more digestive problems.2
People who are obese may have difficulty breathing.
People who are obese have a greater risk for
arthritis. Extra weight puts more stress on the joints
than normal, especially in the legs and lower back.
Obesity is linked with:
American Cancer Society (2010). Cancer Prevention and Early Detection: Facts and Figures 2010. Atlanta: American Cancer Society. Available online: http://ww2.cancer.org/downloads/STT/Cancer_Prev_and_Early_Dect_2010.pdf.
American Gastroenterological Association (2002, reapproved 2008). AGA
technical review on obesity. Gastroenterology, 123(3):
882–932. [Erratum in Gastroenterology, 123(5):
March 19, 2013
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Rhonda O'Brien, MS, RD, CDE - Certified Diabetes Educator
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