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Hailey-Hailey Disease

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Hailey-Hailey Disease is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • benign chronic familial pemphigus
  • benign chronic pemphigus
  • familial benign pemphigus
  • HHD

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Summary
Hailey-Hailey disease is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by blisters and erosions most often affecting the neck, armpits, skin folds and genitals. The lesions may come and go and usually heal without scarring. Sunlight, heat, sweating and friction often aggravate the disorder. The symptoms of Hailey-Hailey disease occur because of the failure of skin cells to stick together resulting in the breakdown of affected skin layers. Hailey-Hailey disease occurs due to a mutation in a specific gene that creates a protein that is essential for the proper health of skin. The disorder becomes apparent after puberty, usually by the third or fourth decade, but symptoms can develop at any age.

Introduction
Hailey-Hailey disease is also known as familial benign pemphigus, which has created significant confusion in the medical literature. Pemphigus is a general term for a group of rare autoimmune blistering skin disorders. The symptoms and skin damage of pemphigus and Hailey-Hailey disease are similar. However, pemphigus is an autoimmune disorder, a disorder that occurs when the body's own immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. Hailey-Hailey disease is not an autoimmune disorder and there are no autoantibodies. Hailey-Hailey disease is a distinct genetic disorder caused by a gene mutation.

Resources

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Tel: (888)663-4637
Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
Information Clearinghouse
One AMS Circle
Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
USA
Tel: (301)495-4484
Fax: (301)718-6366
Tel: (877)226-4267
TDD: (301)565-2966
Email: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.niams.nih.gov/

National Registry for Ichthyosis and Related Disorders
University of Washington
Dermatology Dept. Box 356524
1959 N.E. Pacific Street
Seattle, WA 98195-6524
Tel: (800)595-1265
Email: info@skinregistry.org
Internet: http://www.skinregistry.org/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  8/2/2012
Copyright  2009, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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